Energy analysis of the 15 PSIG compressed air line at INCO"s Copper Cliff Smelter Complex
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Energy analysis of the 15 PSIG compressed air line at INCO"s Copper Cliff Smelter Complex

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Published by Laurentian University, School of Engineering in Sudbury, Ont .
Written in English

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementsubmitted by Matthew Desjardins.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various paging) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20639495M

Download Energy analysis of the 15 PSIG compressed air line at INCO"s Copper Cliff Smelter Complex


Applying best energy management practices and purchasing energy-efficient equipment can lead to significant savings in compressed air systems. Use the software tools, training, and publications listed below to improve performance and save energy. To find the free air equivalent for acfm of compressed air refer to the vertical line at psi, go up to the diagonal, then horizontal to the left, to find the multiplier of 8. Then, 8 = scfm 1. Multiply psig by to obtain KPa 2. Multiply scfm by to obtain nl/s FIGURE C Ratio of compression-free air to compressed air. compressed air system can save energy, reduce maintenance, decrease downtime, increase production throughput, and improve product quality. Compressed air systems consist of a supply side and a demand side. The supply side includes compressors and air treatment (dryers and filters). The demand side includes distribution and end-use equipment. A. Related Topics. Gases and Compressed Air - Air, LNG, LPG and other common gas properties, pipeline capacities, sizing of relief valves; Related Documents. Compression Ratio - Compressed Air vs. Free Air - The compression ratio is the ratio pressure of compressed air to pressure of free air ; Compressed Air - Air Flow and Recommended Pipe Size - Pipe line sizing compressed air.

  Coal delivers reliable energy regardless of clouds. Some clouds last for 10 days straight. I'm looking for a way to store power cheaply. The cheapest way is to pump water back up a damn. The second cheapest is to pump salt caverns under ground full of compressed air. Neither of these are abundant everywhere. Compressed air piping systems are complex and require careful planning. is rated for psig (27 bar). Copper piping is resistant to high temperatures with limits rated at °F ( °C). Even if copper does fail, it will do so in a of the air line to collect any.   The presence of air compressor oils in the line and heat from the compressed air accelerates the degradation of PVC. These failures, combined with air under pressure, are potentially fatal due to the airborne, razor-sharp shrapnel. It is also an OSHA violation to use PVC for compressed air distribution, which means you could incur a hefty fine. The lowest grade of flexible copper will easily handle compressor pressures. I brazed the joints since I was a bit worried about the solder joints failing with psi. But I have since heard from quite a few guys who had good results from simple soft solder, and one guy even did a test of a solder joint where the copper caved before the joint did.

  Assume the kinetic friction coefficient is , the energy needed to overcome this friction over 10 m length would be ××10 = 2, J, about 15 times the previously estimated energy! Once a teacher of physics said to us: "remember, the brakes stop only the wheels; it's . Install drain leg on inlet line before the air enters the compressor. Discharge Piping. Rotary: Pipe size should always be larger than unit connection size. Determine correct pipe size based on system flow, length of pipe, number of ends/valves, acceptable pressure drop, etc. Pipe so condensate from air line cannot run back into unit.   Example of Savings: hp compressor is reduced from psig to psig Energy Savings: kWh=56,, $=2,; Demand Savings: kWh, $=; Total Savings = $3,/yr 2.   Although this method of determining the minimum pipe size on the basis of air velocity is easy, you also must consider that the compressed air volume is expressed in cubic feet per minute of free air, which is the air volume at ambient atmospheric conditions, not the compressed volume.